The History of the All England Badminton Championships

Written by Geoff Hinder

The History of the All England Badminton Championships

The first Championships were played at the London Scottish Drill Hall in 1899 with only doubles played, singles being introduced the following year. The Championships would use three venues in London before settling at the Royal Horticultural Hall for 25 years. It was mainly dominated by English and Irish players for the first 35 Championships then gradually more players from overseas participated. In 1947 when the tournament resumed after the Second World War it would be mainly Danish and Malaysian players winning the titles. Eventually the Championships settled at the Wembley Arena for its longest period of 37 years in one venue. The Championships now being sponsored by Yonex, would make its last move to the National Indoor Arena, now called Utilita Arena, Birmingham.

For more information on the All-England venues and shuttlecocks used go to ‘History’ – ‘Events’  on this website and for All-England champions go to ‘History’ – ‘People’ on this website.

Muriel Lucas was one of the first great All-England champions.

In 1898 the Guildford Badminton Club organised the first ever open badminton tournament at Guildford, England, it was a one-day event with men’s, ladies and mixed doubles being played. The first tournament at Guildford was such a success that the Badminton Association (England) decided to hold their own event and the following year, after much consideration it was decided to hold the first Championships on 4 April 1899 at the London Scottish Drill Hall, Buckingham Gate, Westminster, London. Again, the tournament was played on a single day with only doubles being played. The Drill Hall was conveniently close to the main railway stations, and was well lit, lofty with four courts, although the two end courts had balconies hanging over them. The tournament was played on hourglass courts which are the normal size as we know them today but the width of the net was only 4.88m wide. The barrelled shuttle was used and the lines on the courts were chalked out on the morning of the tournament before play commenced and needed remarking during the day.

 

 

 

In the second year of the All-England Championships they introduce men’s and women’s singles and were increased to a two-day event. Ethel Thomson was the first All-England women’s singles champion, who like many top badminton players of the time was a good standard tennis player eventually becoming a Wimbledon tennis champion. The first men’s singles champion was Sidney Smith again a good standard tennis player and a Wimbledon tennis champion.

 

For the first two years the Championships were called the Badminton Association Tournament. It was the 1901 tournament that it was renamed the All-England Badminton Championships.

 

 Ethel Thomson was the first woman’s singles champion and went on to win another four singles, four women’s doubles and two mixed doubles titles.

The Championships were played for a third year at the London Scottish Drill Hall before moving to the Crystal Palace for the fourth Championships. The Crystal Palace was a vast construction of glass, six courts were used over the three days of the tournament but the lights were poor and there was a distinct drift, due to strong air currents that altered the shuttle’s true flight. This would be the first year that the Championships would be played on rectangular courts as we know them today, thus doing away with the waste or hourglass court. The dimensions of which were the width of the net was only 16 feet (4.9m) on a 20 feet (6.1m) x 44 feet (13.4m) court. 1902 saw Scottish and Irish players competing in the Championships for the first time. The Crystal Palace was not considered a central enough in London and was only used for the one-year.

Crystal Palace – The Championships were played there for just one year in 1902.

The next venue for the Championships would be the London Rifle Brigades City Headquarters, Bunhill Row, London. The conditions at this venue were so cramped that incoming players and spectators held up the games as they walked behind and across the courts. Play on occasions had to be delayed to allow early morning fog to disperse and on other days, snow on the roof cast gloom over the proceedings that the gas burners did little to dispel. In 1907 the men’s doubles final was postponed at 7-2 because of the failing light and was completed four days later.

 The London Rifle Brigades City Headquarters in 1908.
A type of racket used in early All-England Championships and a Jaques ‘Association First Choice’ ‘barrel’ shuttlecock, so-called because its feathers shape closely resemble a barrel. The shuttlecocks were manufactured in France, and in the early days with no specifications laid down, they suffered from a considerable variation in the length of flight, size, weight and uniform strength.   This type of shuttlecock was used in the first 10 years of the Championships.

Photo: – Geoff Hinder

 Sir George Thomas who has won the most All-England titles, winning 21 titles from 1903 to 1928.

As the event grew the London Rifle Brigades venue became too small and in 1910 the Championships moved to the Royal Horticultural Hall in Westminster, London. They also change the shuttlecocks they used to the straight type similar to the ones they used today. After initial problems with lighting and the floor the venue became very popular with players and spectators. The Championships was suspended from 1915 to 1920 owing to the First World War.

For more information on Sir George Thomas go to the ‘History’ –  ‘People’ section of this website. 

Margaret Tragett nee Larminie who won a total of 11 All-England titles from 1911 to 1928.

Frank Devlin would dominate men’s badminton in the 1920s and early 1930s, he would be the first Irishman to win an All-England title when he won the men’s doubles with Guy Sautter (England) in 1922. The next year he would team up with his Irish colleague Gordon ‘Curly’ Mack to take the first of their six men’s doubles titles together. Also, he would win 6 men’s singles and five mixed doubles titles with various partners.

Devlin is the only player in All England history to complete the ‘triple’ three times – he won the three titles in the same year, men’s singles, men’s doubles and mixed doubles in 1926, 1927 and 1929. He lies second in the most All-England titles league table with a total of 18.

Frank’s daughters Sue and Judy inherited his badminton genes to win 6 All-England woman’s doubles together and Judy would win a record-breaking 10 woman’s singles titles.

Frank Devlin

For more information on Judy Hashman nee Devlin go to the ‘History’ –  ‘People’ section of this website.

                                                           Royal Horticultural Hall in the 1920s.                                                The venue would be used for the Championships from 1910 to 1939. On the Friday of the Championships England would play international matches. 
       1930s All-England Champions who dominated women’s badminton and won a total of 26        All-England titles.           L to R .     Betty Uber, Diana Doveton, Marjorie Henderson and Thelma Kingsbury.

For more information on Betty Uber and Marjorie Henderson go to the ‘History’ –  ‘People’ section of this website.

In 1938 Ralph Nichols was the last Englishman to win the men’s singles title. Also in 1938 with his brother Lesley, they would be the last Englishmen to win the All-England men’s doubles title.

In the 1930s more and more overseas players entered the Championships and in 1938 when a large contingent of Danish players entered the Championships this would be the last year that English and Irish players would dominate the event. 1939 saw the first Danish winners with Tage Madsen taking the men’s singles title and Ruth Dalsgaard and Tonny Olsen the woman’s doubles. Also, Dorothy Walton would win the women’s singles for Canada.

With this influx of high-class international entry, the Badminton Association of England boldly decided for the 1940 event a larger venue was needed, so the 12000-seater Harringay Arena in North London where seven courts could be laid was chosen. The Second World War would put pay to these plans and the All-England Championships would not restart until 1947.

 

 

The first day of the 37th All-England Championships in 1947 was a disaster with only six matches being played. The night before a blizzard hit London, the wind forced snow down the ventilators in the roof and froze hard on the wooden floor laid over the ice rink. A fuel shortage meant that there was no heating in the arena and the temperature remained low. This would be the first year of Herbert Scheele’s 24-year reign as tournament referee, also the first of 36 years that RSL shuttles would be used at the Championships. The Championships would remain at Harringay for another two years before moving to the Empress Hall, Earls Court, London. This would be the start of Malaysian player’s dominance in the men’s events during the 1950s.

For more information about the 1947 All-England Championships go to ‘History’ – ‘Events’ – ‘The All-England Championships that was Played on Ice’ on this website.

In 1950 Wong Peng Soon would be the first Malaysian men’s singles champion also taking the title in 1951, 1952 and 1955.

In 1957 the Championships would move to the Wembley Arena where it stayed for the next 37 years, the longest home for the Championships of any of the venues. Wembley was renowned for its air drift but also tremendous crowd atmosphere particularly on semi-final nights. Prior to 1977 the All-England was considered to be the unofficial World Championships. There were many great players that played at Wembley. Two of the legends were Judy Hashman from the USA who won a total of 10 ladies singles titles, a record that has never been surpassed and the other legend was Indonesian Rudy Hartono who won a total of eight men’s singles titles, again this record has not been surpassed.

For more information on Judy Hashman nee Devlin and Rudy Hartono go to ‘History’ – ‘People’  on this website.

                         Wembley Arena, London. The home of the Championships for 37 years.

                                                                                     Photo: – Peter Richardson

Kirsten Thorndahl and Finn Kobbero (Denmark)

Kirsten Thorndahl was one of the most successful Danish players in badminton history. In 1948, she became the first non-British female to triple crown at the All England.

Finn Kobbero was one of the most successful players in the history of the All-England Badminton Championships with 15 titles between 1955 and 1966.

1957 All-England Men’s Singles
Erland Kops (Denmark) and ‘Eddy’ Choong (Malaya)

Eddy came to England to study law and medicine at University, he would win 4 men’s singles All-England titles and 3 doubles titles with his brother David. Eddy spent nine years based in England which allowed him to travel easily across Europe.  The next year Erland Kops would take the singles and doubles titles to start his incredible career with a total of 11 titles to become a Danish All-England legend.

The Japanese women who were the predominate winners in the woman’s singles and doubles at the Championships during the 1970s.

Photo: Graham Habbin                                                                                                                                    Click on images to enlarge

Hiroe Yuki
Noriko Takagi (later Nakayama).
Machiko Aizawa and Etsuko Takenaka (later Taganoo).
Emike Ueno, Yoshiko Yonekura, Atsuko Tokuda and Mikiko Takada.

In 1976 Gillian Gilks MBE won all three All-England titles – women’s singles, doubles and mixed in the same year, Gillian remains the last player in the world ever to have achieved this. Gillian in 1978 is also the last English woman to win the women’s singles title at the All-England. Over a period of 15 years, she won a total of 11 All-England titles, 2 women’s singles, 3 woman’s doubles and 6 mixed doubles.

 

Celebrities Cliff Richards and Sue Barker watching the 1982 Championships with All-England Champion Gillian Gilks MBE.

Photo: – Peter Richardson

Gillian Gilks MBE
A triple All England Champion in 1976

Photo: – Louis Ross

1976 All England Mixed Doubles Final – Derek Talbot and Gillian Gilks (ENG)  v  Mike Tredgett and Nora Gardner later Perry (ENG). Derek Talbot and Gillian Gilks won 15-9, 15-12. This gave Gillian Gilks her 3rd All England title that day.

Shortly after the unification of the two-world badminton governing bodies the Chinese participated in the Championships for the first time. In 1982 a 27 strong squad of Chinese players entered the All-England Badminton Championships. In the woman’s singles there would be nine Chinese players starting their challenge to be the All-England champion, with the 24-year-old Chinese Zhang Ailing being the top seed. By the time the event had reached the quarter-finals there would be seven Chinese players occupying the last eight places. Only Lene Koppen from Denmark, the previous year’s runner-up surviving to this stage, a probable all Chinese final was almost inevitable. In the final it would be the 18-year-old Li Lingwei versus the established star, Zhang Ailing, a badminton instructor from Shanghai. Seven times previously they had joined battle in other tournaments, seven times Zhang Ailing had triumphed, and yet again the “teacher” beat the “pupil” this time without any great effort, 11-4 11-6. 

Zhang Ailing was the first Chinese All-England champion in 1982.

Photo: – Peter Richardson

The first time a Chinese pair would win the men’s doubles title at the Yonex All-England Badminton Championships would be 1987 with the famous pair of Li Yongbo and Tian Bingyi taking the title. For the mixed doubles title, it would be the next year 1988 when Wang Pengren and Shi Fangjing would lift their Yonex All-England trophies.

Kim Moon Soo and Park Joo-Bong of Korea who dominated men’s doubles in the 1980s and 1990s.

Photo: – Peter Richardson 

1984 brought one of the longest sporting collaborations ever, Yonex’s sponsorship of the All-England Badminton Championships.

Photo: – Peter Richardson

Wembley Arena 1988
In 1988 the management at the Wembley Arena with very little consultation with the Badminton Association of England, introduced a new spectator stand at the end of the arena. The stand was totally unsuitable for the event as it had such a gradual slope on it that spectators could not see over the top of other spectators’ heads. It also meant that six courts could not be laid along the arena as normal, so the courts had to be laid across the arena. At Wembley there had always been a strong air drift across the courts but with the courts laid the other way this meant that there was a fast and slow end. It was said that many matches were decided on the choice of ends. The next year the stand was scrapped and the court layout was reverted back to normal.

 

 

In 1993 after a successful Badminton World Federation World Championships at the National Indoor Arena, Birmingham, the Badminton  Association of England decided the next year to move the Yonex All-England Championships to the NIA. 2007 saw the Championships joining the BWF’s Super Series. Spectator numbers continue to grow at the Utilita Arena Birmingham as the NIA is now called, with its eight practice courts below the main arena plus many good hotels and restaurants in close proximity has become one of the finest badminton venues in the world.

 

Minoru Yoneyama founder of the Yonex Company presenting the men’s singles trophy to Poul-Erik Hoyer-Larsen (Denmark) in 1996.

Photo: – Peter Richardson 

1996 Yonex All-England Badminton Championships Men’s Singles Final.
Poul-Erik Hoyer-Larsen (Denmark)  v  Rashid Sidek (Malaysia).

Poul-Erik Hoyer-Larsen won 15-7, 15-6.

Photos: – Peter Richardson

1999 was the Centenary All-England Championships and to put the icing on the birthday cake the English pair of Joanne Goode and Simon Archer won the mixed doubles title.
1999  Yonex All-England Championship Mixed Doubles Final – Simon Archer and Joanne Goode (England)  v  Ha Tae-Kwon and Chung Jae-Hee (Korea). Simon Archer and Joanne Goode won 15-2, 15-13.

Photo: – Peter Richardson

The Chinese pair of Huang Sui and Gao Ling from 2001 would win 6 consecutive woman’s doubles titles, Gao Ling also from 2001 would win 5 mixed doubles titles with Zhang Jun and Zheng Bo, making Gao Ling’s total of 11 Yonex All-England titles. A remarkable achievement in the modern era of badminton.

Photo: – Alan Spink – Action Photography

2005 – The last English Yonex All-England winners;  Gail Emms and Nathan Robertson.

Photo: – Alan Spink – Action Photography

2010 was the 100th All England Championships
2006 – Lin Dan (China) flying to his second Yonex All-England men’s singles title.

Photos: – Alan Spink – Action Photography

Click on images to enlarge

Lin Dan lifting the famous Arthur Barron Silver Challenge Trophy after winning the 2012 Yonex All-England men’s singles title. Later on that year he would win his second badminton men’s singles Olympic gold medal at the 2012 London Olympics.
How they changed the Utilita Arena, Birmingham from an indoor athletics event to the 2007 Yonex All-England Badminton Championships in just over 2 minutes.
Utilita Arena, Birmingham 

Photo: – Alan Spink  Action Photography

 

  Ever since the first Championships in 1899, it has depended on volunteers performing various duties, umpires, line judges, stewards, shuttle controllers, drivers, hall arena squads, team liaison officers and many more. A modern championship will have nearly 300 volunteers working with the professional Badminton England staff. The photograph above is of some of the volunteers and officials at the 2016 Yonex All-England Championships.

Photo: – Badminton Photo.                                                                                                                              Click on images to enlarge

2019 Men’s singles final – Kento Momota (Japan) far side  v  Viktor Axelsen (Denmark). Kento Momoto would win the final 21-11, 15-21, 21-15. to become the first Japanese Yonex All-England men’s singles champion.

Photo: – Alan Spink  Action Photography

 

Click on the images to enlarge

How did it all begin – Film – The History of the All-England Badminton Championships.

2020 Yonex All-England Champions.

Photos: – Alan Spink – Action Photography

 

Men’s doubles: – Hiroyuki Endo & Yuta Watanabe (Japan)

 

 

Photos: – Alan Spink – Action Photography

Click on the images to enlarge

 

Men’s singles: – Viktor Axelsen (Denmark)
Woman’s doubles: – Yuki Fukushima & Yuta Hirota (Japan)

 

Woman’s singles: – Tai Tzu Ying (Chinese Talpei)
Mixed doubles: – Dechapol Puavaranukroh & Sapsiree Taerattanachai (Thailand) runners up,  Praveen Jordan & Melati Daeva Okatavianti (Indonesia) champions.

 

2021 Yonex All England Championships

17 – 21  March 2021

At the Utilita Arena, Birmingham.

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